How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Them PDF/EPUB

How Fascism Works: The Politics of Us and Them NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW EDITORS CHOICE Fascist politics are running rampant in America today and spreading around the world A Yale philosopher identifies the ten pillars of fascist politics, and charts their horrifying rise and deep historyAs the child of refugees of World War II Europe and a renowned philosopher and scholar of propaganda, Jason Stanley has a deep understanding of how democratic societies can be vulnerable to fascism Nations don t have to be fascist to suffer from fascist politics In fact, fascism s roots have been present in the United States for than a century Alarmed by the pervasive rise of fascist tactics both at home and around the globe, Stanley focuses here on the structures that unite them, laying out and analyzing the ten pillars of fascist politics the language and beliefs that separate people into an us and a them He knits together reflections on history, philosophy, sociology, and critical race theory with stories from contemporary Hungary, Poland, India, Myanmar, and the United States, among other nations He makes clear the immense danger of underestimating the cumulative power of these tactics, which include exploiting a mythic version of a nation s past propaganda that twists the language of democratic ideals against themselves anti intellectualism directed against universities and experts law and order politics predicated on the assumption that members of minority groups are criminals and fierce attacks on labor groups and welfare These mechanisms all build on one another, creating and reinforcing divisions and shaping a society vulnerable to the appeals of authoritarian leadershipBy uncovering disturbing patterns that are as prevalent today as ever, Stanley reveals that the stuff of politics charged by rhetoric and myth can quickly become policy and reality Only by recognizing fascists politics, he argues, may we resist its most harmful effects and return to democratic ideals With unsettling insight and disturbing clarity, How Fascism Works is an essential guidebook to our current national dilemma of democracy vs authoritarianism William Jelani Cobb, author of The Substance of Hope Outstanding and chilling book Definitely an eye opener.Review In How Fascism Works The Politics of Us and Them, Jason Stanley explains fascist ideologies, how it spreads, and why democratic societies are vulnerable to it.I ve delayed this review for quite a while, because I didn t know how to go about writing it I m still not sure how to go about it, but I ll share some thoughts I had while readingThe book consists of ten chapters The Mythic Past, Propaganda, Anti Intellectual, Unreality, Outstanding and chilling book Definitely an eye opener.Review In How Fascism Works The Politics of Us and Them, Jason Stanley explains fascist ideologies, how it spreads, and why democratic societies are vulnerable to it.I ve delayed this review for quite a while, because I didn t know how to go about writing it I m still not sure how to go about it, but I ll share some thoughts I had while readingThe book consists of ten chapters The Mythic Past, Propaganda, Anti Intellectual, Unreality, Hierarchy, Victimhood, Law and Order, Sexual Anxiety, Sodom and Gomorrah, and Arbeit Macht Frei German, meaning work shall make you free With each chapter, one feeling was consistent familiarity Each fascist ideology discussed was all too familiar, because I ve seen or heard it so many times beforeThe mythic past Make America Great Again Propaganda Drain the swamp America First Anti Intellectual Intellectual elitism Unreality False conspiracy theories, such as Obama is Kenyan Muslim Hierarchy White supremacy.Victimhood Christians are the most persecuted religion in America Law and Order Taking away the children of asylum seekers and putting them in cages.Sexual anxiety Mexicans are rapists Sodom and Gomorrah Gay marriage is wrong Arbeit Macht Frei work shall make you free Poor people are lazy and I don t want MY tax dollars being used to support themThese are simplistic examples, of course, but these are the types of things that came to mind as I read through the chapters Overall, I consider this book to be a well written, timely warning against the embrace and normalization of fascist ideologies My review cannot begin to touch on all the things covered in this book, so I urge you to read it for yourself if you re interested in being informed about such things.I received an advance reading copy of this book courtesy of Random House via Netgalley Trump, trump, trump, trump, trumpTrump, Trump Trump, trump, trump, trump The Mythic Past Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Hitler Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trumTrump, trump, trump, trump, trumpTrump, Trump Trump, trump, trump, trump The Mythic Past Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Hitler Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Propaganda Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Anti Intelectual Trump, trump, trump, trump.Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Viktor Orb n Trump, trump, trump, trump Unreality Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Hierarchy Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Victimhood Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Recep Tayyip Erdo an Trump, trump, trump, trump.Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Law and Order Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Vladimir Putin Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Sexual Anxiety Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Sodom and Gommorah Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump Trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Benito Mussolini Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump trump Arbeit Macht Frei Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump Trump, trump, trump, trump The author is the son of immigrants who fled Nazi Germany He states that he is troubled that fascist politics is on the rise throughout the world again.The book is well written and researched Stanley analyzes the many strategies that fascist regimes employ publicizing the idea of a mythic past, use of propaganda and conspiracy theories, anti intellectualism, the replacement of reasoned debate with fear and anger, casting doubt on media, denial of equality, white male superiority, culture of v The author is the son of immigrants who fled Nazi Germany He states that he is troubled that fascist politics is on the rise throughout the world again.The book is well written and researched Stanley analyzes the many strategies that fascist regimes employ publicizing the idea of a mythic past, use of propaganda and conspiracy theories, anti intellectualism, the replacement of reasoned debate with fear and anger, casting doubt on media, denial of equality, white male superiority, culture of victimhood, perpetuation of the Us and Them based on ethnic, religious and racial identities just to list a few the author discusses.I felt the main message of the book was about his worry of complacency He states his grandmother s generation refused to acknowledge the Nazi threat until it was too late He states that today the normalization of extreme policies poses an urgent challenge Stanley is calling on democracies to resist the insidious encroachment of fascism.I read this as an audiobook downloaded from Audible The book is five hours and forty four minutes MacLeod Andrews does a good job narrating the book Andrews is an actor and audiobook narrator He has won the Audie Award for Steelheart and numerous EarPhone Awards How Fascism Works packs a lot into a relatively short space, but it doesn t really explain how fascism works It does a good job explaining what fascism is, and it contains stark warnings for Americans and people in other nations that are currently sliding into fascism, or, at least, dealing with fascist politicians His examples are good, but he occasionally overstates the case and defines normal conservative positions i.e opposition to affirmative action, same sex marriage, or an extensive w How Fascism Works packs a lot into a relatively short space, but it doesn t really explain how fascism works It does a good job explaining what fascism is, and it contains stark warnings for Americans and people in other nations that are currently sliding into fascism, or, at least, dealing with fascist politicians His examples are good, but he occasionally overstates the case and defines normal conservative positions i.e opposition to affirmative action, same sex marriage, or an extensive welfare state as inherently fascist While fascists can certainly oppose these things, there are legitimate, non fascist arguments against them that he does not acknowledge.Generally, though, Stanley defines fascism by the positions that it takes in ways that work equally well for the 20th century fascist movements and the current politics of the United States, Poland, Turkey, Russia, Hungary, and other nations facing fascist revivals The hallmarks of fascism that he analyzes include Devotion to a mythic past that asserts the heroic origins of a particular nation, religion, ethnicity, or other kind of in group Attacks on scientists, historians, academics, journalists, and other elites with elites meaning something like people who know stuff An us vs them mentality that groups all of the elites into the them category and the members of the favored in group into the us category Strict hierarchies that include the assertion of the inherent superiority, or fitness, of specific races, genders, family types, etc The assertion that the favored group has been victimized by other groups, even though the favored group has all of the power and money Attacks on refugees and immigrants, who are presented as forces polluting the purity of the in group The portrayal of urban areas as pollutions of the purity of rural life A constant desire to destabilize any objective measurement of truth and replace it with power i.e., the truth is what the powerful person says it is, with everything else being fake news These are all valid definitions of fascism, and Stanley does a good job of showing how they worked for Hitler and Mussolini really his only go to historical examples as well as Donald Trump, Viktor Orb n, and Recep Erdo an His indictments are powerful He draws a difference between a fascist politician and a fascist state, so he is not quite calling the United States a fascist country But I do not believe that there can be any reasonable doubt that Donald Trump is using the same electoral and governing strategies as the most well known 20th and 21st century fascist politicians.There is one set of assertions in the book, however, that I think that Stanley gets completely wrong, and in a way that if he ends up convincing people could produce exactly the opposite reaction that he wants it to have It occurs on pp 82 83, where he attacks Stephen Pinker for asking, Do women, on average, have a different profile of aptitudes and emotions than men and Are Ashkenazi Jews, on average, smarter than gentiles because their ancestors were selected for the shrewdness needed in money lending To these questions, Stanley responds, The concern about this kind of writing is that it presents those who seek a natural source for inequality as brave truth seekers, driven by reason to reject the heart s plea for equality This research has proven to be suspect, at best And yet, the search for the natural source of inequalityas fact somehow continues, grail like Stanley is dangerously wrong here, not about the specific questions of women s aptitudes and Ashkenazi intelligence, but about the underlying assertion that variation is a form of inequality The fact is that various populations of humans, and every other organism, have some natural variation Males in some species are on average larger than females, or havecolorful tails Turtles on one island are better at finding fish and turtles on other islands are better at evading predators I understand that Stanley is interested in preventing people from using physiological or cognitive variation as a way to validate inequality But the way to do this is to assert that human equality has nothing to do with these variations The fact that human males tend to be taller and heavier than human females does not make men superior to women It does not make themqualified for most positions,worthy of love, orcapable of doing anything but a few occupations where size and strength are all that matters such as, say, linebacker for a professional football team Our error is to invest normal variation with moral significance.Because variation is inevitable, trying to argue against it by equating it to inequality concedes exactly the point that people in liberal democracies should not be conceding This is a relatively minor point in Stanley s book, though, so I don t think that it ruins it or anything But it is perhaps the clearest example of the way that he applies the epithet fascism to intellectual positions that are not fascist and that are muchdefensible than he acknowledges But he also applies the word to some very real and very important things that are happening in our country today that really are fascist And that is reason enough to read the book A book commendable in its breadth, but almost entirely lacking in depth.I BreadthJason Stanley creates a model for identifying fascist politics , which he thinks of as tactics that rely on ultranationalism of some variety ethnic, religious, cultural , with the nation represented in the person of an authoritarian leader who speaks on its behalf as a mechanism to achieve power.He then identifies 10 distinct strategies, each of which gets a chapter dedicated to it 1 the mythic past2 propa A book commendable in its breadth, but almost entirely lacking in depth.I BreadthJason Stanley creates a model for identifying fascist politics , which he thinks of as tactics that rely on ultranationalism of some variety ethnic, religious, cultural , with the nation represented in the person of an authoritarian leader who speaks on its behalf as a mechanism to achieve power.He then identifies 10 distinct strategies, each of which gets a chapter dedicated to it 1 the mythic past2 propaganda3 anti intellectualism4 unreality5 hierarchy6 victimhood7 law and order8 sexual anxiety9 appeals to the heartland10 dismantling of public welfare and unity He then applies this model to various contemporary movements, including Republicans in the US, Poland, Hungary, Turkey, India By showing that these elements are real and recurring, he forces us to see that there are real patterns which should be paid attention to His chapter on the attempts at discrediting universities and the press using charges of corruption, Marxism, etc., is particularly good, as is his brief recounting of the treatment of African Americans although the latter isn t new or even unambiguously relevant He also has some occasional ideas along the way which are remarkably insightful, eg corruption, to the fascist politician, is really about the corruption of purity rather than of law He also points out rightly that a lot of Fascism is a response to dominant groups perceiving wrongly themselves as oppressed when their unjust power is taken away by the demand for equality.All of this serve as a useful guide to identify and pay closer attention to right wing activities constructing arbitrary and pernicious divisions between us and them.II DepthOn the downside, although Stanley does a pretty good job of identifying Fascist strategies, he doesn t really explain why Fascism appeals to people, and therefore how it can be opposed Why do people get disenchanted with liberal democracy, and instead fixate on narrow identity considerations There are two aspects I think are important to consider.a EconomicsStrikingly, the relationship between economic conditions and the rise of Fascism isn t given enough attention And this is in large part because the entire book relies on an asymmetry Fascism needs to be analyzed but the status quo doesn t Given that the decades where liberal democracy in the US was taken to be the unquestioned ideology at least in terms of principles all while economic inequality skyrocketed and massive corporate hegemony took hold, shouldn t the legitimate grievances of the alienated and impoverished be considered part of the story Stanley s stance seems to be an almost imperceptibly whispered yes at best Consider him writing political theorists have known that democracy cannot flourish on soil poisoned by inequality It is not merely that the resentments bred by such divisions are tempting targets for a demagogue Theimportant point is that dramatic inequality poses a mortal danger to the shared reality required for a healthy liberal democracy.In keeping with being an academic philosopher, he seems intent on thinking about inequality in terms of effects on ideas instead of as material conditions that cause dissatisfaction and destabilization of political arrangements themselves Instead he tries to link it to a danger to the shared reality Trump and Hillary get mentioned, but Bernie Sanders doesn t, showing that Stanley is trying to force political reality into two boxes of evil, small minded fascists and good, accepting cosmopolitans These descriptions aren t entirely wrong, but they seem inadequate for political analysis.The point, of course, isn t that Fascism is rational, but that no one seems to have any real solution to capitalistic excesses, and so Fascism might understandably very well seem like the only way to go to many As Sheri Berman writes in Aeon, fascism did not become powerful simply by appealing to citizens darkest instincts Fascism also, crucially, spoke to the social and psychological needs of citizens to be protected from the ravages of capitalism at a time when other political actors were offering little help Also somewhat weirdly, Stanley also tries to link Fascists with the libertarian insistence on individualism and free market worship, but again as Berman points out, The Nazis also supported an extensive welfare state of course, for ethnically pure Germans It included free higher education, family and child support, pensions, health insurance and an array of publically supported entertainment and vacation options Stanley s categorization of Fascism seems historically wrong, and theoretically confused how would a movement for unity also push for individualism without theoretical tensions all over the place We then can t talk about the origins of Fascism without talking about why it suddenly seems particularly credible with a loss of faith in the economic system So while everything Stanley says about how there s an erosion of trust in institutions, a disregard for truth and complexity, and purity politics on nitro, I don t think he s quite touched the engine driving Fascism entirely At the end of his book he does talk about trade unions and how their presence correlates with equality because it promotes empathizing across divisions True, but unions aren t a new idea, they were part of a political programme which was decimated by capital And even if they could somehow be revived, they re hardly going to change the system as a whole, as much as soften the blow slightly The truth, again, is that no one really knows what to do, with communism lacking credibility and democratic socialism too feeble, to provide serious theoretical cultural opposition to capitalist excess and hence the resultant Fascistic politics.b Identity and MeaningThe deeper reason for my pessimism about liberal democracy s ability to counter Fascism can be understood from Richard Rorty s incredibly perceptive comment thatThere are two principal ways in which reflective human beings try, by placing their lives in a larger context, to give sense to those lives The first is by telling the Story of their contribution to a community This community may be the actual historical one in which they live, or another actual one, distant in time or place, or a quite imaginary one, consisting perhaps of a dozen heroes and heroines selected from history or fiction or both, The second way is to describe themselves as standing in immediate relation to a nonhuman reality.The latter might work for academics, but most people, Fascists and non Fascists, need communities they see themselves as parts of to find meaning and take their bearings from Now a political community built on abstract principles certainly isn t impossible, but I think it s becoming clear that it is particularly weak compared toconcrete and specific community narratives based on race, religion, etc Unfortunately, liberalism with its insistence on perpetual openness to complex narratives is always going to be threatened because it cannot compete with the pull of easier Fascistic ones.Stanley seems completely insensitive to needs like the one Rorty talks about, because he keeps talking about the Fascist need to built themselves a mythology as though it were some unique evil tendency, rather than an all too human one I would even speculate that Stanley is implicitly using his WEIRD identity Western educated industrial rich democratic as an obvious ethical given, instead of something of an anomaly This leads him to completely miss the appeal of Fascism, making his analysis good at identifying certain patterns, but leaving readers completely unable to grapple with its origins or solutions Fascism is not a word that I throw around carelessly It has been watered down over the years when used to describe movements of feminism, conservation and ecology, fundamentalist Islam, and many other things the far right likes to use to frighten its base The march of nations down the historic path towards fascism has been very well documented at this point the USA has been showing the symptoms of the disease for decades, because as the author points out, Fascism is not a new threat, but rat Fascism is not a word that I throw around carelessly It has been watered down over the years when used to describe movements of feminism, conservation and ecology, fundamentalist Islam, and many other things the far right likes to use to frighten its base The march of nations down the historic path towards fascism has been very well documented at this point the USA has been showing the symptoms of the disease for decades, because as the author points out, Fascism is not a new threat, but rather a permanent temptation Written in clear and concise language, informative without ever being boring, this is a book that should be required reading for every concerned American citizen It s well past the time when people should take heed of the sinister nature of very powerful elements of our society with a ministry of propaganda working 24 7 to inculcate their narrow minded constituency.It s a very short book and a quick read Read it Jason Stanley s How Fascism Works The Politics of Us and Them is essential reading for all eager to understand declining western democracies In simple and straightforward prose, Stanley unravels and lays bare the components of fascist politics the creation and use of a mythic past, propaganda, anti intellectualism, rejection of facts, victimhood, toxic patriarchy and hierarchy, and social anxiety among other themes It s a perfect exposition of praxis, with Stanley seamlessly moving back and Jason Stanley s How Fascism Works The Politics of Us and Them is essential reading for all eager to understand declining western democracies In simple and straightforward prose, Stanley unravels and lays bare the components of fascist politics the creation and use of a mythic past, propaganda, anti intellectualism, rejection of facts, victimhood, toxic patriarchy and hierarchy, and social anxiety among other themes It s a perfect exposition of praxis, with Stanley seamlessly moving back and forth between his theory of fascism and current and historical practical examples How Fascism Works is remarkably accessible, well structured, and well written When I finished reading this book, I had to think deep thoughts for awhile before I could attempt a review While I found the information informative and very interesting, I also was disappointed by the definitive left slant the author took in the presentation of his knowledge I really wanted to read a unbiased, informational look at the history, effects and basics of fascism I don t feel that s what this book presents.Stanley discusses the basic components of fascism and how it gains control When I finished reading this book, I had to think deep thoughts for awhile before I could attempt a review While I found the information informative and very interesting, I also was disappointed by the definitive left slant the author took in the presentation of his knowledge I really wanted to read a unbiased, informational look at the history, effects and basics of fascism I don t feel that s what this book presents.Stanley discusses the basic components of fascism and how it gains control The use of mythic tales of the past, dehumanizing portions of the population, propaganda, conspiracy theories and fake news to manipulate citizens, creating a state of control that creeps up quietly I do agree whole heartedly that Americans and others around the world should be very concerned at the tendency of modern politics to descend into lies, manipulation and tricks BUT, I disagree firmly when it is implied that this is a conservative tactic not used by theliberal minded or intellectual side of the political arena That is just simply not true In America at the moment, I see both sides using all facets assigned to fascism to gain control of segments of the population in order to further their political agendas The right uses Christianity and fear of failing morality, fear of immigrants, terrorism and other modern issues to fear monger their political views into voters minds And, the left uses fear of patriarchy, the threat of Christian domination of the non religious or other minded, and tales of Nazis, fascism and other past threats to further their own views It s a shit show from both sides And a very deeply divisive and destructive one The best way to overtake a nation is to divide, manipulate and conquer Both extremes in the American political arena are attempting to do this The end result is NOTHING is ever accomplished No matter which side is the victor in any election, they spend all their time un doing the work of past administrations, changing things to ensure their re election or keeping the seats positions their party currently controls and keeping the general population riled up How is this in any way a healthy, productive or democratic situation Party politics has become a fascist tool And both sides are pointing fingers at the other screaming terms like fascism, socialism, communism.so many isms When in the end, both sides are completely guilty of fucking over the very people they are elected to represent and care about I enjoyed the basic information this book presented But using it to further a left slant political agenda just poisoned the entire effect this book might have had for me I expected a neutral presentation of facts..and ended up disappointed at just another thinly veiled bout of Trump bashing Is Trump a great president No Has he been effective No And, the entire political environment in the United States currently is frankly an embarrassment IMHO An international shit show BUT..both political parties in the United States are to blame for weakening our political process for their own ends I could rant about it.but this is a book review and I m going to keep my comments on the book at hand Great basic information on fascism I would have liked a longer book that included basic history on some of the fascist regimes that have existed in history, plusdetails on why those regimes ultimately failed and what political environment replaced them In the end, this book touched on basics and used them to support the author s political views More of an editorialized spewing of knowledge than a non fiction non biased sharing of information about a dangerous political situation I voluntarily read a review copy of this book from Random House via NetGalley All opinions expressed are entirely my own PLEASE VOTE your voice does matter The Fascist Brand has deservedly got a bad image So a fascist will probably not use that label in public However, Fascism is on an uptick and is having a comeback in our times This book explains how to identify the hallmarks of fascists movements and tactics What seems to be a fascist movement has sprung up in Turkey, Hungary, Poland, Russia, and gulp the US Fascists use make believe to sell the public on a fictional past where outgroups were put in their proper place below , Women submi The Fascist Brand has deservedly got a bad image So a fascist will probably not use that label in public However, Fascism is on an uptick and is having a comeback in our times This book explains how to identify the hallmarks of fascists movements and tactics What seems to be a fascist movement has sprung up in Turkey, Hungary, Poland, Russia, and gulp the US Fascists use make believe to sell the public on a fictional past where outgroups were put in their proper place below , Women submitted to men, and foreigners were kept out Niceties like equality, human rights, cosmopolitanism are to be dispensed with to defend the ingroup There is noMr nice guy and finishing school pretense at democracy all the intimations at it are jettisoned Intellectuals are dangerous and only intellectual ideas that support the dominant story are the only ones that are legitimate There are militarism and worship of martial glory and sacrifice and security comes before anyone else especially those lesser foreigners, political opponents, targeted minorities be they based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, or ethnicity This book will give in clear down to earth language a guide to recognizing fascism and fascist tactics when you see them And believe me, there are plenty on display in our current moment


About the Author: Jason Stanley

Jason Stanley is the Jacob Urowsky Professor of Philosophy at Yale University He is the author of five books, including How Propaganda Works, winner of the Prose Award in Philosophy from the Association of American Publishers, and How Fascism Works The Politics of Us and Them, about which Citizens author Claudia Rankine says No single book is as relevant to the present moment Stanley serves on the board of the Prison Policy Initiative and writes frequently about propaganda, free speech, mass incarceration, democracy, and authoritarianism for The New York Times, The Washington Post, Boston Review, The Chronicle of Higher Education, and The Guardian.


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