summary ↠ eBook or Kindle ePUB ¹ Mara HvistendahlGon especially hard introducing their one child policy in the late 70s By 1982 40% of pregnancies in China ended in abortion many of them orced Funding rom late 70s By 1982 40% of pregnancies in China ended in abortion many of them orced Funding rom international planned parenthood only increased in China and a student at Stanford who tried to bring attention to the orced only increased in China and a student at Stanford who tried to bring attention to the orced happening was expelled p 144 145 To the population control people ewer babies born was a great outcome and it didn t matter what methods were used to reduce the populationSome of the conseuences of the Asian world where men largely outnumber women were explored and the conseuences or women s rights and a civil society is devastating bride buying sex trafficing girls kidnapped and sold into prostitution men unable to ind wives poorer countries being emptied of their women who migrate by choice or not many of them sold by their amilies to richer countries etc I haven t read the Bare Branches book referenced by the author here but I ound her dismissive attitude towards its conclusions that a young unattached male population is a security threatwar waiting to happen interesting in light of the other problems she a security threatwar waiting to happen interesting in light of the other problems she showing are already happening I would expect that premise explored in depthSex selection is an issue that is largely ignored by the left as the author laments along with an attack on the right or using it as a tool to ight abortion hmmm you think The author is very very careful throughout the book to keep her liberal street cred using sanitized terms like sex selection and selected rather than terminated or killed but the act remains that in a culture where killing an unborn baby is not considered a real death the act that women use their choice to kill emale babies in astounding rates is very embarrassing or the eminist movement And mentioning the downsides of pro choice is very dicey to discuss The author suggests that maybe in the uture the left could rame the debate around issues of the health problems caused by multiple late term abortions rather than bringing up the morality of abortion After all the implication is abortion isn t wrong it s just these pesky conseuences of its availabilityOne of the most tellin I had heard about amilies selecting or male babies in India and China but this book turned out to be informative and eye opening than I expected not just about the problem of societies with men than women but population control in general It s well known now that in Asia people abuse the new medical technologies to screen or sons Much has been duly said about sexism and cultural biases or having sons What is less known is how and why this cultural bias was allowed to be practiced so commonly and who was really behind it You d be surprised to learn that the whole obsession with population control had its root in the Cold War thinking that overpopulation bred poverty and poverty was a breeding ground or Communism These days poverty breeds Islamic undamentalism according to the same institutions The West set out to control the population in Asia With their advice and money Indira Gandhi orci. Ound social upheavalHistorically eras in which there have been an excess of men have produced periods of violent conflict and instability Mara Hvistendahl has written a stunning impeccably researched book that does not linch rom examining not only the conseuences of the misbegotten policies of sex selection but Western complicity with them. Nobel prize winning economist Amartya Sen wrote an article or The New York Review of Books entitled More than 100 Million Women are MissingAlso sadly women s value and worth does not go up during such a crisis but historically has been lowered the result is sex #trafficking bride buying orced marriages and violence against #bride buying orced marriages and violence against 160 million that s how many missing women there are in Asia due to sex selection abortion This book was ascinating to read though uite lawed in some of its premises and conclusionsInterestingly enough the phenomenon is not happening in most Asian countries when a couple has their irst child the irst children ratios are largely normal It s when a second child is born that a amily
DECIDES THAT THIS TIME WE WANTthat this time we want boy p 43 Falling birthrates in all of these countries mean pressure on parents to have their ideal amily that consists of at least one boyChina Korea India and most Asian countries have a cultural preference or boy children As much as the author tries to downplay the cultural part of the phenomenon by pointing out that a ew Western countries Armenia and Georgia or example also select or boys and then pointing to all the actors that went into the encouragement of abortion as a means of population control the act remains that when given the choice mothers and athers are aborting their emale children by the millions The author s it s not cultural argument really breaks down when you consider that she even presents that Asians living in America are not only likely to have abortions than American women generally they also select or boys while Americans don t 35% of Asian American pregnancies end in abortion twice that of whites Their sex selection rates are about right or irst children 117 boys to girls or second children and 151 or third children p43 44 In parts of China today the ratios are especially skewed Where naturally 105 boys are born or every 100 girls in the city Lianyungang there are 163 boys or every 100 girls In Yichan there are 137 In Fangchenggang 153 and in Tianmen 176 p 23But while the author s argument against culture alls lat there is no doubt that Western arm twisting and the population alarmists absolutely were involved heavily in promoting and encouraging abortion as a means of reducing the population threat The chapters on how horribly and unethically their tactics were are eye opening and disgusting South Korea s don t have children campaign was especially coercive and also effective by 1977 there were 275 abortions in that country or every live birth p 133 today south korea is about p 133 Today South Korea is about only country in Asia that DOESN T have an abnormal birth ratio of boys to girls but the author points out that the change is largely because South Korean s aren t having babies at all their birthrate has allen incredibly low to 16 children per woman As the author points out in detail in country after country Western NGOs Planned Parenthood the UNFPA and others put pressure on Asian countries to reduce their populations anyway they can China jumped on the bandwa. Nosis or China's neighbors is no less bleak Asia now has 163 million emales missing rom its population Gender imbalance reaches ar beyond Asia affecting Georgia Eastern Europe and cities in the US where there are significant immigrant populations The world therefore is becoming increasingly male and this mismatch is likely to create prof. .
This book brought a very interesting very troubling problem to light but I had some major problems with it First of all I elt like Hvistendahl spent a huge amount of time trying to say that cultural practices and gender preference in Asian countries mostly some eastern European countries as well she made that point very clear was NOT the overall cause of skewed gender ratios that instead technological advancements and the imposition of western population controls were the cause However she seemed to shoot her own argument in the oot Yes people were using technological advancements because of population controls to choose male babies But the act remains that they were choosing male babies The population controls did not orce people to value male children over emales That was the culture The inal chapter of the book which talks about gender selection in the United States shows people using advanced technologies to select or emale babiesFinally I have a big problem with Hvistendahl s attitude toward abortion She spends multiple chapters and countless anecdotes to illustrate the horrible abuses that are being perpetrated through abortion and she takes a very moralistic tone when describing the hypocrisy of Western societies who are imposing abortions on their eastern counterparts But then she continually defends abortion and states repeatedly her pro choice stance on the matter I ound her attitude to be extremely hypocritical I honestly eel like Hvistendahl was rather conflicted herself the evidence seemed to be pointing toward one thing but she couldn t overcome her inborn biases in order to accept that I know that a lot of people are going to have a problem with me because of that but there it is Hvistendahl is a good journalist who vividly paints the whole sordid backstory of Western complicity in Asian sex selection practices usually abortion and usually coerced She also takes theorists to task or their portrayal of sex selection
as an exclusively asian practice that has toan exclusively Asian practice that has to with Asian culture When the same problem is happening in places as ar lung as Albania and Georgia the country something other than local customs has to be the culprit The pattern that emerges is a developing country with greater economic opportunities leads to a lower ertility rate This unfolds the terrifying uture of a world with men than women because of the cheaply and widely availability of ultrasounds in the 1980s At the same time women in India and China came under restrictions rom their governments to only have 1 child many selected to abort emales and give birth to a male Now these countries have skewed sexual populationsThere has always been a preference or male children as the boy always been a preference or male children as the boy on the amily name and the ather s genes but now it has been scientifically and socially brought to a horrifying conclusion 160 million emale babies have been aborted in Asia alone China and India only 25 million poeple have died rom AIDS since the disease was unleashedPeople irst became aware of the problem in the 1990s when the. Lianyungang a booming port city has China's most extreme gender ratio or children under our 163 boys or every 100 girls These numbers don't seem terribly grim but in ten years the skewed sex ratio will pose a colossal challenge By the time those children reach adulthood their generation will have twenty our million men than womenThe prog.